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Retina -  MACULAR HEMORRHAGE Lecture 11 of 85  NEXT»

1. Choroidal neovascular membranes

 *A. Age-related macular degeneration
 B. Angioid streaks
 C. Histoplasmosis
 D. Idiopathic
 E. Pathologic myopic
 F. Posterior uveitis

2. Infectious retinitis

 *A. Cytomegalovirus retinitis
 B. Subacute bacterial endocarditis

3. Retinal vascular disease

 A. Radiation retinopathy
 B. Retinal arterial macro aneurysm
 *C. Vein occlusion

4. Systemic diseases

 A. Blood dyscrasias
  (1) Anemia
  (2) Leukemia
  (3) Polycythemia vera
  (4) Sickle cell disease
  (5) Thrombocytopenia
  (6) Waldenström macroglobulinemia
 B. Cardiovascular shock (especially gastrointestinal hemorrhage)
 *C. Diabetes mellitus
 *D. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related retinopathy
 *E. Hypertension
 F. Toxemia of pregnancy

5. Trauma

 A. Choroidal rupture
 B. Purtscher retinopathy
 C. Shaken-baby syndrome
 D. Terson syndrome
 E. Valsalva retinopathy
 F. Vitreous detachment

McCabe CM, et al. Nonsurgical management of macular hemorrhage secondary to retinal artery macroaneurysms. Arch Ophthalmol 2000; 118:780-786.

Paris CL, et al. Neonatal macular hemorrhage. Int Ophthalmol 1991; 15:153-155.

Stevenson A, et al. Is aspirin a factor in macular hemorrhage. Ophthalmol Times 1993; 18:32-34
Extracted Table Macular Hemorrhage


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