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Optic Nerve -  SYNDROMES AND DISEASES ASSOCIATED WITH OPTIC ATROPY Lecture 11 of 21  NEXT»

1. Achondroplasia
2. Acquired lues (syphilis)
3. African eye worm disease (loiasis)
4. Albers-Schonberg syndrome (osteopetrosis)
5. Albinism
6. Albright syndrome (fibrous dysplasia)
7. Anemia
8. Anencephaly
9. Aneurysm of internal carotid artery syndrome (foramen lacerum syndrome)
10. Anthrax
11. Apert syndrome (acrocephalosyndactylism syndrome)
12. Arachnoidal adhesion, including tabes
13. Arteriosclerosis
14. Arylsulfatase A deficiency syndrome (metachromatic leukodystrophy)
15. Avitaminosis B2 (pellagra)
16. Bassen-Kornzweig syndrome (familial hypolipoproteinemia)
17. Batten-Mayou syndrome (cerebroretinal degeneration)
18. Behçet syndrome (oculobuccogenital syndrome)
19. Behr syndrome (optic atrophy-ataxia)
20. Bielschowsky-Jansky disease (internuclear ophthalmoplegia)
21. Bloch-Sulzberger disease (incontinentia pigmenti)
22. Bobble-head doll syndrome
23. Bonnet-Dechaume-Blanc syndrome (neuroretinoangiomatosis)
24. Brown-Marie syndrome (hereditary ataxia syndrome)
25. Brown-Sequard syndrome (lesion of spinal cord)
26. Carbon monoxide
27. Central nervous system deficiency-bitemporal pallor because of deficient diet (Garland syndrome)
28. Cerebral palsy
29. Cerebellar ataxia
30. Charcot-Marie-Tooth syndrome (progressive neuritic muscular syndrome)
31. Chondrodystrophia calcificans congenita (Conradi syndrome)
32. Chromosome deletion (long-arm) syndrome (de Grouchy syndrome)
33. Coats disease (retinal telangiectasia)
34. Cockayne syndrome (dwarfism with retinal atrophy and deafness)
35. Congenital cytomegalic inclusion disease
36. Congenital optic atrophy-autosomal dominant or recessive
37. Congenital syphilis
38. Craniometaphyseal dysplasia (Pyle syndrome)
39. Craniostenosis (including oxycephaly, scaphocephaly, trigonocephaly, and plagiocephaly)
40. Cretinism (hypothyroidism)
41. Cri-du-chat syndrome (cat-cry syndrome)
42. Crouzon syndrome (craniofacial dysostosis)
43. Cushing syndrome (adrenocortical syndrome)
44. Cystic fibrosis syndrome (fibrocystic disease of pancreas)
45. Cysticercosis
46. Dawson disease (subacute sclerosing panencephalitis)
47. Deerfly fever (tularemia)
48. de Lange syndrome (congenital muscular hypertrophy-cerebral syndrome)
49. Devic syndrome (optical myelitis)
50. Diabetes mellitus
51. Didmoad -Wolfram syndrome (diabetes mellitus and insipidus with optic atrophy and deafness )-autosomal recessive
52. Diencephalic syndrome (Penfield syndrome)
53. Disseminated lupus erythematosus (Kaposi-Libman-Sacks syndrome)
54. Dollinger-Bielschowsky syndrome (lipidosis)
55. Drugs, including the following:
acetophenazine
allobarbital
alseroxylon (?)
aminosalicylate (?)
aminosalicylic acid (?)
amobarbital
amodiaquine
antimony lithium, thiomalate
antimony potassium tartrate
antimony sodium tartrate
antimony sodium thioglycollate
antipyrine
aprobarbital
aspirin
barbital
betamethasone
bromide (?)
bromisovalum
broxyquinoline
bupivacaine (?)
butabarbital
butalbital
butallylonal
butaperazine
butethal
calcitriol
carbromal
carphenazine
chloramphenicol
chloroprocaine (?)
chloroquine
chlorpromazine
cholecalciferol
clindamycin
cobalt (?)
cocaine
cortisone
cyclobarbital
cyclopentobarbital
cycloserine (?)
dapsone
deferoxamine
deserpidine(?)
dexamethasone
dextrothyroxine (?)
diethazine
digitalis (?)
diiodohydroxyquin
ergocalciferol
ergonovine (?)
ergot (?)
ergotamine (?)
ethambutol
ethopropazine
etidocaine (?)
ferrocholinate (?)
ferrous fumarate (?)
ferrous gluconate (?)
ferrous succinate (?)
ferrous sulfate (?)
fluorometholone
fluphenazine
gentamicin
heptabarbital
hexachlorophene
hexamethonium
hexethal
hexobarbital
hydrocortisone
hydroxychloroquine
iodide and iodine solutions and compounds
iodochlorhydroxyquin
iodoquinol
iron dextran (?)
iron sorbitex
isoniazid
levothyroxine (?)
lidocaine (?)
liothyronine
liotrix (?)
medrysone
mephobarbital
mepivacaine (?)
mesoridazine
metharbital
methdilazine
methitural
methohexital
methotrexate (?)
methotrimeprazine
methyl alcohol
methylene blue
methylergonovine (?)
methylprednisolone
methysergide (?)
nitroglycerin (?)
oral contraceptives
oxyphenbutazone
pentobarbital
perazine
pericyazine
perphenazine
phenobarbital
phenylbutazone
piperacetazine
polysaccharide iron complex (?)
prednisolone
prilocaine (?)
primidone
probarbital
procaine (?)
prochlorperazine
promazine
promethazine
propiomazine
propoxycaine (?)
propoxyphene
quinine
radioactive iodides
rauwolfia serpentina (?)
rescinnamine (?)
reserpine (?)
secobarbital
sodium antimonylgluconate
sodium salicylate
stibocaptate
stibogluconate
stibophen
streptomycin
sulfacetamide (?)
sulfachlorpyridazine (?)
sulfacytine (?)
sulfadiazine (?)
sulfadimethoxine (?)
sulfamerazine (?)
sulfameter (?)
sulfamethazine
sulfamethizole (?)
sulfamethoxazole (?)
sulfamethoxypyridazine
sulfanilamide (?)
sulfaphenazole
sulfapyridine (?)
sulfasalazine (?)
sulfathiazole (?)
sulfisoxazole (?)
suramin
syrosingopine (?)
talbutal
thiamylal
thiethylperazine
thiopental
thiopropazate
thioproperazine
thioridazine
thyroglobulin (?)
thyroid (?)
tobramycin
trichloroethylene
trifluoperazine
triflupromazine
trimeprazine
tryparsamide
vinbarbital
vinblastine
vincristine
vitamin A
vitamin D
vitamin D2
vitamin D3
 

56. Drummond syndrome (idiopathic hypercalcemia)
57. Drusen of optic nerve
58. Dyschondroplasia syndrome (Ollier syndrome)
59. Electrical injury
60. Encephalitis, acute
61. Engelmann syndrome (diaphyseal dysplasia)
62. Exfoliation syndrome
63. Foix syndrome (cavernous sinus thrombosis)
64. Foster-Kennedy syndrome (basal-frontal syndrome)
65. Friedreich ataxia (optic atrophy and sensorineural deafness)-recessive
66. Fröhlich syndrome (dystrophia adiposogenitalis)
67. Galactosyl ceramide lipidosis (globoid cell leukodystrophy)
68. Gangliosidosis GM 1, type
69. Generalized gangliosidosis (infantile)
70. Greig syndrome (hypertelorism ocularis)
71. Glaucoma
72. Glucose-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (von Gierke disease)
73. Grönblad-Strandberg syndrome (systemic elastodystrophy)
74. Hallermann-Streiff-François syndrome (oculomandibulofacial dyscephaly)
75. Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome (pigmentary degeneration of globus pallidus)
76. Hallgren syndrome (retinitis-pigmentosa deafness-ataxia syndrome)
77. Happy-puppet syndrome (puppet children)
78. Herrick syndrome (sickle cell disease)
79. Histiocytosis X (Hand-Schüller-Christian syndrome)
80. Hollenhorst syndrome (chorioretinal infarction syndrome)
81. Homocystinuria syndrome
82. Hutchinson syndrome (progeria)
83. Hydatid cyst
84. Hydrocephalus chondrodystrophicus congenita (Kleeblattschädel syndrome)
85. Hyperparathyroidism
86. Hypophosphatasia (phosphoethanolaminuria)
87. Incipient prechiasmal optic nerve compression syndrome
88. Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy (Seitelberger disease II)
89. Infantile type of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis
90. Infections such as basal meningitis, infectious encephalomeningitis (especially measles epidemic parotitis), congenital neurosyphilis (rare before 2 years of age), and toxoplasmosis
91. Irvine syndrome (spontaneous rupture of vitreous face with vitreous adhesions to the wound followed by macular edema)
92. Jensen syndrome (opticoacoustic nerve atrophy with dementia)-X-linked
93. Juvenile diabetes-rare
94. Juvenile optic atrophy-autosomal dominant
95. Keratodermia palmaris et plantaris
96. Kloepfer disease
97. Krabbe disease (meningocutaneous syndrome)
98. Kussmaul disease (necrotizing angiitis)
99. Kwashiorkor (hypoproteinemia syndrome)
100. Laurence-Moon-Bardet-Biedl syndrome (retinitis pigmentosa-polydactyly-adiposogenital syndrome)
101. Leber syndrome (optic atrophy-amaurosis-pituitary syndrome)
102. Leigh disease (subacute necrotizing encephalomyelopathy)
103. Leukemia
104. Malaria
105. Maple syrup urine disease (branched-chain ketoaciduria)
106. Marchesani syndrome (brachymorphy with spherophakia)
107. Maroteaux-Lamy disease (MPS VI)
108. Marquardt-Loriaux syndrome
109. Measles (morbilli)
110. Menkes disease (kinky-hair disease)
111. MERRF syndrome
112. Metachromatic leukodystrophy (Greenfield disease)
113. Metaphyseal dysplasia, anetoderma, and optic atrophy-autosomal recessive
114. Microcephaly
115. Micro syndrome
116. Mikulicz-Radecki syndrome (dacryosialoadenopathy)
117. ML IV
118. MPS IH (Hurler syndrome)
119. MPS IS (Scheie syndrome)
120. MPS II (Hunter syndrome)
121. MPS IV (Morquio syndrome)
122. Multiple sclerosis (disseminated sclerosis)
123. Mumps
124. Naegeli syndrome (reticular pigmented dermatosis)
125. Niemann-Pick syndrome (essential lipoid histiocytosis)
126. Occlusion of carotid artery
127. Oculodental syndrome (Peter syndrome)
128. Oculoorogenital syndrome (riboflavin deficiency syndrome)
129. Onchocerciasis syndrome (river blindness)
130. Optic atrophy, cataract and neurologic disorder-dominant
131. Optic atrophy, nerve deafness, and distal neurogenic amyotrophy-recessive
132. Optic atrophy, non-Leber type, with early onset-x-linked
133. Optic atrophy, polyneuropathy and deafness-x-linked
134. Optic atrophy, spastic paraplegia syndrome-x-linked
135. Optic atrophy with demyelinating of central nervous system-autosomal dominant
136. Optic nerve hypoplasia, familial, bilateral-autosomal dominant
137. Opticocochleodental degeneration syndrome
138. Orbital operation, such as following orbital floor fracture, reduction of malar fractures and Krönlein lateral orbitotomy
137. Osteogenesis imperfecta (van der Hoeve syndrome)
139. Paget syndrome (osteitis deformans)
140. Passow syndrome (syringomyelia)
141. Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (aplasia axialis extracorticalis congenita)
142. Pituitary gigantism syndrome (Launois syndrome)
143. Polymyalgia rheumatica
144. Porphyria cutanea tarda
145. Posthypoxic encephalopathy syndrome
146. Radiation
147. Refsum syndrome (phytanic acid oxidase deficiency)
148. Relapsing fever
149. Retinohypophysary syndrome (Lijo Pavia-Lis syndrome)
150. Rieger syndrome (hypodontia and iris dysgenesis)
151. Riley-Day syndrome (congenital familial dysautonomia)
152. Rochon-Duvigneaud syndrome (superior orbital fissure syndrome)
153. Rocky Mountain spotted fever
154. Rollet syndrome (orbital apex-sphenoidal syndrome)
155. Rosenberg-Chutorian syndrome
156. Rubella syndrome (German measles)
157. Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (broad thumb syndrome)
158. Russell syndrome
159. Sabin-Feldman syndrome
160. Sanfilippo disease (MPS III)
161. Scaphocephaly syndrome
162. Schaumann syndrome (sarcoidosis syndrome)
163. Schilder syndrome (encephalitis periaxialis diffusa)
164. Simmonds syndrome (hypopituitarism syndrome)
165. Spastic paraplegia, optic atrophy, dementia-autosomal dominant
166. Sphenomaxillary fossa syndrome (pterygopalatine fossa syndrome)
167. Spielmeyer-Vogt syndrome (cerebroretinal degeneration)
168. Spongy degeneration of the white matter
169. Suprarenal-sympathetic syndrome (adrenal medulla tumor syndrome)
170. Sylvester disease
171. Simmond syndrome (benign intracranial hypertension)
172. Takayasu syndrome (aortic arch syndrome)
173. Tay-Sachs syndrome (hexosaminidase deficiency)
174. Temporal arteritis syndrome (Hutchinson-Horton-Magath-Brown syndrome)
175. Toxins, including lead, chronic cyanide intoxication such as from eating cassava, thallium (used for treatment of scalp fungi)
176. Trauma, evulsion of optic nerve, and ocular contusion
177. Treft syndrome
178. Trisomy D syndrome (Patau syndrome)
179. Tuberculosis
180. Tumors, including craniopharyngiomas, ectopic pinealomas, gliomas, hemangiomas, meningiomas, nasopharyngeal carcinomas, neuroblastomas, pituitary adenomas, and tumors extending into fourth ventricle and cerebellum causing papilledema
181. Tunbridge-Paley disease
182. Vaccinia
183. Vascular accident
184. von Bekterev-Strumpell syndrome (ankylosing spondylitis)
185. von Recklinghausen syndrome (neurofibromatosis)
186. Wagner syndrome (hyaloideoretinal degeneration)
187. Wegener syndrome (Wegener granulomatosis)
188. Wernicke syndrome (thiamine deficiency)
189. Wrinkly-skin syndrome
190. Yellow fever
191. Zellweger syndrome (cerebrohepatorenal syndrome)
192. Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (polyglandular adenomatosis syndrome)

Fraunfelder FT, Fraunfelder FW. Drug-induced ocular side effects and drug interactions. Woburn, MA: Butterworth- Heinemann, 2001.

McKusick VA. Mendelian inheritance in man, 12th ed. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.

Rizzo JF, et al. Optic atrophy in familial dysautonomia. Am J Ophthalmol 1986; 102:463-467.

Roy FH. Ocular syndromes and systemic diseases, 3rd 00. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2002.


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